mysql多列索引使用注意

MySQL可以为多个列创建索引。一个索引可以包括15个列。
CREATE TABLE test (
id INT NOT NULL,
cola CHAR(30) NOT NULL,
colb CHAR(30) NOT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (id),
INDEX name (cola ,colb )
);

select * from tables where colb=’2014′;
select * from tables where cola=’c1g’ or colb=’2014′;

SELECT * from tbltables where keycola LIKE ‘%c1g%’;

select * from tables order by cola asc,colb desc;
select * from tables order by cola desc,colb asc;
以上是用不到索引的

select * from tables where cola=’c1g’
select * from tables where cola=’c1g’ and colb=’2014′;
select * from tables where cola=’c1g’ and colb>’2000′ and colb<’2015′;
select * from tables where cola=’c1g’ and (colb=’2000′ and colb=’2015′);

SELECT * from tbltables where keycola LIKE ‘c1g%’;

select * from tables order by cola asc,colb asc;
select * from tables order by cola desc,colb desc;
以上是可以用到索引的.

用于排序的column的排序顺序必须一致。

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