python 发送email的几种方式

python发送email还是比较简单的,可以通过登录邮件服务来发送,linux下也可以使用调用sendmail命令来发送,还可以使用本地或者是远程的smtp服务来发送邮件,不管是单个,群发,还是抄送都比较容易实现。

先把几个最简单的发送邮件方式记录下,像html邮件,附件等也是支持的,需要时查文档即可

1 登录邮件服务

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#python2.7x
#send_simple_email_by_account.py  @2014-07-30
#author: orangleliu

'''
使用python写邮件 simple
使用126 的邮箱服务
'''

import smtplib
from email.mime.text import MIMEText

SMTPserver = 'smtp.126.com'
sender = [email protected]'
password = "xxxx"

message = 'I send a message by Python. 你好'
msg = MIMEText(message)

msg['Subject'] = 'Test Email by Python'
msg['From'] = sender
msg['To'] = destination

mailserver = smtplib.SMTP(SMTPserver, 25)
mailserver.login(sender, password)
mailserver.sendmail(sender, [sender], msg.as_string())
mailserver.quit()
print 'send email success'

2调用sendmail命令 (linux)

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#python2.7x
#send_email_by_.py
#author: orangleliu
#date: 2014-08-15
'''
用的是sendmail命令的方式

这个时候邮件还不定可以发出来,hostname配置可能需要更改
'''

from email.mime.text import MIMEText
from subprocess import Popen, PIPE

def get_sh_res():
    p = Popen(['/Application/2.0/nirvana/logs/log.sh'], stdout=PIPE)
    return str(p.communicate()[0])

def mail_send(sender, recevier):
    print "get email info..."
    msg = MIMEText(get_sh_res())
    msg["From"] = sender
    msg["To"] = recevier
    msg["Subject"] = "Yestoday interface log results"
    p = Popen(["/usr/sbin/sendmail", "-t"], stdin=PIPE)
    res = p.communicate(msg.as_string())
    print 'mail sended ...'

if __name__ == "__main__":
    s = "[email protected]"
    r = "[email protected]"
    mail_send(s, r)

3 使用smtp服务来发送(本地或者是远程服务器)

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#python2.7x
#send_email_by_smtp.py
#author: orangleliu
#date: 2014-08-15
'''
linux 下使用本地的smtp服务来发送邮件
前提要开启smtp服务,检查的方法
#ps -ef|grep sendmail
#telnet localhost 25

这个时候邮件还不定可以发出来,hostname配置可能需要更改
'''
import smtplib
from email.mime.text import MIMEText
from subprocess import Popen, PIPE

def get_sh_res():
    p = Popen(['/Application/2.0/nirvana/logs/log.sh'], stdout=PIPE)
    return str(p.communicate()[0])

def mail_send(sender, recevier):
    msg = MIMEText(get_sh_res())
    msg["From"] = sender
    msg["To"] = recevier
    msg["Subject"] = "Yestoday interface log results"
    s = smtplib.SMTP('localhost')
    s.sendmail(sender, [recevier], msg.as_string())
    s.quit()
    print 'send mail finished...'

if __name__ == "__main__":
    s = "[email protected]"
    r =  s
    mail_send(s, r)

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