linux strace – 追踪系统调用

【基本介绍】
有时候发现有个别进程占用了大量CPU或者内存,我们可以查看进程的调用情况。

【strace解释】

[[email protected] salt]# strace  -h
usage: strace [-dDffhiqrtttTvVxx] [-a column] [-e expr] ... [-o file]
              [-p pid] ... [-s strsize] [-u username] [-E var=val] ...
              [command [arg ...]]
   or: strace -c [-D] [-e expr] ... [-O overhead] [-S sortby] [-E var=val] ...
              [command [arg ...]]
-c -- count time, calls, and errors for each syscall and report summary
-f -- follow forks, -ff -- with output into separate files
-F -- attempt to follow vforks, -h -- print help message
-i -- print instruction pointer at time of syscall
-q -- suppress messages about attaching, detaching, etc.
-r -- print relative timestamp, -t -- absolute timestamp, -tt -- with usecs
-T -- print time spent in each syscall, -V -- print version
-v -- verbose mode: print unabbreviated argv, stat, termio[s], etc. args
-x -- print non-ascii strings in hex, -xx -- print all strings in hex
-a column -- alignment COLUMN for printing syscall results (default 40)
-e expr -- a qualifying expression: option=[!]all or option=[!]val1[,val2]...
   options: trace, abbrev, verbose, raw, signal, read, or write
-o file -- send trace output to FILE instead of stderr
-O overhead -- set overhead for tracing syscalls to OVERHEAD usecs
-p pid -- trace process with process id PID, may be repeated
-D -- run tracer process as a detached grandchild, not as parent
-s strsize -- limit length of print strings to STRSIZE chars (default 32)
-S sortby -- sort syscall counts by: time, calls, name, nothing (default time)
-u username -- run command as username handling setuid and/or setgid
-E var=val -- put var=val in the environment for command
-E var -- remove var from the environment for command

【例子】

strace -o whoami-strace.txt whoami

open("/lib/libnss_files.so.2", O_RDONLY) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory)
open("/lib/i686/mmx/libnss_files.so.2", O_RDONLY) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory)
stat64("/lib/i686/mmx", 0xbffff190) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory) 
open("/lib/i686/libnss_files.so.2", O_RDONLY) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory)
stat64("/lib/i686", 0xbffff190) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory)
open("/lib/mmx/libnss_files.so.2", O_RDONLY) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory)
stat64("/lib/mmx", 0xbffff190) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory) 
open("/lib/libnss_files.so.2", O_RDONLY) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory)
stat64("/lib", {st_mode=S_IFDIR|0755, st_size=2352, ...}) = 0
open("/usr/lib/i686/mmx/libnss_files.so.2", O_RDONLY) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory)
stat64("/usr/lib/i686/mmx", 0xbffff190) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory) 
open("/usr/lib/i686/libnss_files.so.2", O_RDONLY) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory)

strace -p processId

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