ubuntu 12.04 安装 Nginx+PHP5 (PHP-FPM) +MySQL主机详解

很长时间没有在 Ubuntu 安装实际操作安装web服务器了,今天想练练手,在虚拟机上做个试验,我不该保证你也一定会成功,做参考吧!

现象我介绍一下基本系统情况:

  • 虚拟机(Oracle VM)
  • 操作系统 Ubuntu 12.04 server (该系统安装时我只选择了ssh server)
  • 真机与虚拟机使用桥接方式
  • 设置为静态IP:192.168.1.208 适情况个人设置

1.首先为了安装方便,我切换到root账户,输入命令:

sudo su

2 安装 MySQL 5

apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client

系统会提示你设置密码,输入两次密码:

New password for the MySQL “root” user: (输入密码)
Repeat password for the MySQL “root” user: (再输入一次)

3 安装 Nginx

apt-get install nginx

启动Nginx服务:

/etc/init.d/nginx start

浏览器输入网址看看是否正常:http://192.168.1.208(修改成你设置的静态IP)

网页显示”Welcome to nginx!”说明已经安装成功并运行。

4 安装 PHP5

apt-get install php5-fpm

5 设置 nginx ,修改文件:

vi /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

修改下面两行代码:

worker_processes  4;
keepalive_timeout   2;

虚拟主机配置文件修改:

vi /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

修改代码如下面的显示:

server {
        listen   80; ## listen for ipv4; this line is default and implied
        listen   [::]:80 default ipv6only=on; ## listen for ipv6
        root /usr/share/nginx/www;
        index index.php index.html index.htm;
        # Make site accessible from http://localhost/
        server_name _;
        location / {
                # First attempt to serve request as file, then
                # as directory, then fall back to index.html
                try_files $uri $uri/ /index.html;
        }
        location /doc {
                root /usr/share;
                autoindex on;
                allow 127.0.0.1;
                deny all;
        }
        #error_page 404 /404.html;
        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
                root /usr/share/nginx/www;
        }
        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #       proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;
        #}
        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #
        location ~ \.php$ {
                try_files $uri =404;
                fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
                fastcgi_index index.php;
                include fastcgi_params;
        }
        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        location ~ /\.ht {
                deny all;
        }
}

重新加载nginx:

/etc/init.d/nginx reload

创建一个探针文件,测试:

vi /usr/share/nginx/www/info.php

写入内容


然后再打开浏览器输入:http://192.168.1.208/info.php

会显示一下支持的模块,增加模块支持,输入下面的命令查询PHP模块:

apt-cache search php5

会显示模块和模块功能解释(英文的,需要一定英文能力,谷歌或百度翻译一下,了解)
例如输入下面安装你要的模块:

apt-get install php5-mysql php5-curl php5-gd php5-intl php-pear php5-imagick php5-imap php5-mcrypt php5-memcache php5-ming php5-ps php5-pspell php5-recode php5-snmp php5-sqlite php5-tidy php5-xmlrpc php5-xsl

安装完毕之后重启php5-fpm

/etc/init.d/php5-fpm restart

参考:http://wiki.ubuntu.org.cn/Nginx

来自:http://imcn.me/html/y2012/11870.html

本文地址:http://linux.cn/article-571-1.html

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